In Canada, cosmetics are regulated under the Food and Drugs Act and the Cosmetic Regulations. The regulation of cosmetics in Canada is administered by Health Canada. The primary objective of the cosmetics regulations in Canada is to ensure that cosmetics sold in the country are safe for human use and do not pose any health risks.
Under these regulations, cosmetics must be properly labeled, including the list of ingredients, and should not contain any prohibited or restricted substances. The cosmetics industry is responsible for the safety of its products, and the manufacturer or importer must have evidence to support the safety of the product before it is sold in Canada. Health Canada has the power to seize or recall cosmetics that do not meet the regulatory requirements, and companies that violate the regulations may face fines or legal action.
Health Canada also provides guidance to industry and consumers on cosmetics safety and labeling requirements, and offers a reporting system for adverse reactions to cosmetics. The Canadian cosmetics regulatory framework is aligned with international standards, and Health Canada works closely with other regulatory agencies, such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, to harmonize cosmetic regulations and ensure the protection of public health.
Determine the product classification: Cosmetics in Canada are classified as either natural health products (NHPs) or non-NHP cosmetics.
Obtain a Natural Product Number (NPN) or Drug Identification Number (DIN), if applicable: If your cosmetic product contains natural ingredients and is marketed for therapeutic use, it may be classified as an NHP and require an NPN. If the product contains drugs or is marketed for a therapeutic use, it may be classified as a drug and require a DIN.
Comply with labeling requirements: Cosmetics in Canada must have accurate and complete labeling information, including the list of ingredients, product name, net quantity, and contact information for the manufacturer or importer.
Conduct a safety assessment: The manufacturer or importer is responsible for ensuring the safety of their cosmetic products. A cosmetic safety assessment must be conducted by a qualified expert to demonstrate that the product is safe for use.
Report adverse reactions: Companies must report any adverse reactions associated with their cosmetic products to Health Canada.
Register with Health Canada: You must register your cosmetic product with Health Canada using the Cosmetic Notification Form. The form requires information on the product, its ingredients, and the safety assessment.
It is important to note that the regulations surrounding cosmetics can be complex, and it is advisable to seek the assistance of a regulatory affairs professional to ensure that your products comply with the regulations and are registered correctly.